The Philippine Board of Orthopaedics, Inc. (PBO) is the official accrediting and examining arm of the Philippine Orthopaedic Association (POA), but is administratively independent of the latter.  

Duly registered with the Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission, it is tasked with accrediting and providing oversight to residency training programs (graduate medical education) in Orthopaedic Surgery in the Philippines.  It is also tasked with administering of the Orthopaedic In-Training (OITE) and Qualifying Examinations to resident physician trainees and Diplomate Examinations to graduates of these training programs.


The Philippine Board of Orthopaedics (PBO) functions to serve the best interest of the public and of the medical profession by continuously enhancing the standards of Orthopaedic Training and Education in the Philippines.


The Philippine Board of Orthopaedics is a model of excellence and integrity as a regulatory specialty board with competent and principled members.

Functions of the PBO

GENERAL: The PBO provides oversight to Orthopaedic Residency Training (Advanced Surgical Training) programs in the Philippines.


  • Regulates training programs by accreditation and annual inspections.
  • Conducts annual In-Training Examination of trainees of accredited institutions.
  • Conducts Qualifying Examination of graduating trainees of accredited institutions.
  • Conducts Diplomate Examination of graduates of accredited institutions. The title “Diplomate” is a pre-requisite in acquiring “Fellowship” with the POA. This examination is given in three parts: Written, Oral (Viva Voce), and Practical.
  • Implements measures to continuously improve the quality of Orthopaedic Residency Training and Education in the Philippines.

Regular Activities

MEETINGS. The Board meets monthly, usually on the first Thursday of the month, at the PBO Office. Matters of importance to the conduct of its functions are discussed. 

INSPECTIONS. Every month, at least two institutions are scheduled for annual inspection, visited by a minimum of three board members. Revisits are carried out as necessary.

EXAMINATIONS. The OITE and the Qualifying Exam are held in July concurrently at two venues: Manila and Cebu. The Diplomate Examination is held in Manila in October. 

WORKSHOPS. Workshops are conducted to enhance the Board’s capability to carry out its functions. These are carried out as deemed necessary by the incumbent Chairman or the committee heads.


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